On the occasion of the IV Hispanic-Arabic Gardening Conference, our President Cherif Abderrahman Jah wrote this lecture:
“The Arabic words Hadiqah, riyad, janna, raudah refer to the garden in its classical sense, with different nuances. The words bustan, munia, ruzafa, buhaira ‘ars refer to the large agricultural or leisure estates generally located on the periphery of towns. Agdal refers to cultivated gardens that yield crops. In addition there are other words to describe places where cultivation takes place: garsia, dalia and others”.
Full Text: The Spiritual Garden