The definition of Cultural Landscape

The definition of Cultural LandscapeAccording to the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention of UNESCO,  cultural landscapes are cultural properties and represent the “combined works of nature and of man”.

They are illustrative of the evolution of human society and settlement over time, under the influence of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by their natural environment and of successive social, economic and cultural forces, both external and internal. Landscapes are complex systems where cultural relations are developed in an ecological context; like this the cultural landscapes, result of the joined action of human and nature, are a key element of the world cultural heritage, in which it is recognized the mutual and reciprocal influence of nature and culture. Cultural landscapes reflects techniques of sustainable usage of land, as well as a spiritual relation with nature. The existence of traditional ways of usage of land sustains also the biological diversity.

Cultural landscapes represents tangible and intangible values of different people that took advantage wisely from the r nature esources, in which they based their believes, knowledge, habits, practices and uses. The Mediterranean landscape has suffer an intense human intervention that has transformed it in occasions in a paradigm and iconic representation of the different cultures. One of them, the Islamic culture has generated a wealthy variety of land uses and multiple different intangible values associated to them.

Some background to Cultural landscapes

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MED-O-MED aspires to making the development of Islamic countries in these regions compatible with the preservation of their environment and heritage. It aims to set up projects involving maximum participation by regional social and public agents, with total respect for genetic sovereignty and the cultural identity of the local populations, all within an inter-cultural and a multi-disciplinary approach.

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This section, which will continue to grow as more research and projects are carried out in the future, contains practical information about Med-O-Med’s lines of work and the countries in the Mediterranean and the Middle East where the program develops its activities.


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