New challenges for botanic gardens

New challenges for botanic gardens

The functions of botanic gardens and viagra canadian pharmacy of their legitimate precursors have gradually evolved to meet the needs of a society that interacts with its natural environment.

The International Agenda for Conservation in Botanic Gardens has drawn up a list of activities carried out by botanic gardens:

  • Arboriculture
  • Rural and urban planning, resource location and land use
  • Conservation biology
  • Crop conservation and maintenance
  • Dendrology
  • Development and enhancement of local and rural community conservation capability
  • Environmental education programmes
  • Measurement of environmental impact
  • Ethno-biological research
  • Gene banks
  • Herbarium studies and plant taxonomy
  • Horticultural research
  • Horticultural training
  • Integrated pest management
  • Laboratory research, including in-vitro plant (tissue) culture
  • Library and discount levitra online information services
  • Introduction and evaluation of new genetic resources
  • Horticulture and ornamental floriculture
  • Reintroduction of plants and research on habitat restoration
  • Pollution reduction and monitoring programmes
  • Public recreation
  • Corrective training and therapy
  • Seed and tissue banks
  • Working networks and cialis 20mg price conservation working groups
  • Systems
  • Teacher training
  • Tourism
  • Research, conservation and ex situ and in situ management of wild plants

Education in botanic gardens should prepare people for the challenges of the coming decades, seriously reviewing today’s mechanisms for development. Agenda 21 (UNESCO 1992) sustains that the only way of ensuring a more prosperous future is by facing up to environmental and development issues in a collaborative, balanced way. This can be done efficiently in botanic gardens by combining environmental education with education for development.

New challenges for botanic gardensAs explained by Huckle (1990), education for the environment involves informing the general public about the various technologies and social organisations that can help people live in harmony with each other and with the natural environment.

With regard to education for development, UNESCO considers that this helps people develop attitudes, skills and knowledge for taking decisions that will benefit themselves and others, now and online viagra prescriptions in the future, and for acting on such decisions.

Bearing these definitions in mind, it is difficult to conceive environmental education and education for development as belonging to two different fields. Global knowledge of environmental education inevitably leads to development considerations.

The function of Botanic Gardens

Another way of studying the value of botanic gardens is by considering their functions in societies today.

Not only do botanic gardens embellish cities and serve as tools for research and conservation of plant diversity, but they also have a special role in the context of Islamic culture and civilisation, a role that has existed for centuries.

Gardens as places for reflection and progress

New challenges for botanic gardensIslamic culture, based on its sacred texts and its spiritual and buy viagra generic india literary works, has always considered nature to be a divine gift and a source of reflection and development. Because of their profound respect for nature, throughout history Muslims have created beautiful gardens for contemplation and enjoyment. Such gardens can be found today in Spain, Syria, Turkey, Iran and the Maghreb.

Gardens with their activities and functions provide a tool for promoting a trend that exists in the Muslim world today, although it is not yet a widespread trend, towards building what some people describe as an Islamic Theology of Nature, or Green Islam as it has been named in some philosophical and scientific circles. This Green Islam advocates ecology as an essential element in belief.

Many Arabs and Muslims belong to international environmental organisations but the average Arab-Islamic ‘man in the street’ sees conservationism as another of the notions being imposed by the West to prevent Muslim countries from developing their economic potential. There is,  therefore, a pressing need to integrate and cialis 10 mg colombia associate Islamic principles with environmental conservation practices in Muslim-majority countries. It is also important to create awareness among young Muslims and reconcile them with their cultural roots which, far from turning away from progress, promote it while encouraging responsible use and management of natural resources.

Networks and inventories | Download this page in PDF format

Join our community

If you agree with Med-O-Med’s principles, share our goals, and want to join our community, you only need to fill in a simple form: click on REGISTER, at the top of the page to apply for membership. It is free, and will allow you to access exclusive content and share projects and ideas with other carefully vetted individuals and institutions. Members can also create their own blogs and contribute articles and academic research. Membership is subjected to approval by Med-O-Med’s admissions commitee.

Projects

MED-O-MED aspires to making the development of Islamic countries in these regions compatible with the preservation of their environment and heritage. It aims to set up projects involving maximum participation by regional social and public agents, with total respect for genetic sovereignty and the cultural identity of the local populations, all within an inter-cultural and a multi-disciplinary approach.

Countries »

This section, which will continue to grow as more research and projects are carried out in the future, contains practical information about Med-O-Med’s lines of work and the countries in the Mediterranean and the Middle East where the program develops its activities.

Library

Our library is a live repository where you can find scientific research and publications.