The United Arab Emirates are a group of states in the south-east of the Arabian peninsula in the Persian Gulf (Middle East). There are seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras el Khaima, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. They border on Oman to the south-east and north and with Saudi Arabia to the west and south. They currently have one of the highest HDI rates on the Asian continent.
They comprise a flat, arid coastal plain which inland meets the Arabian desert of Rub al-Khali. This is mostly flat, except for Al Jabal al Akhdar in the far east, which reaches 1,000 metres.
Within the country’s biome, WWF distinguishes three ecoregions: Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert on the western coast, Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert in the north-east, and the much more arid Arabian desert with xerophytic scrub in the rest of the country.