Jordan is in the Middle East and has no coast except for 28 kilometres at the tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Most of the country (80%) is arid or semi-arid, with a desert plateau to the west and a high plateau in the east. The lowest point of Jordan (and of any land surface in the world) is 416 metres below sea level, in the Dead Sea. Only 4% of the land is arable and less than 1% is covered with trees.
Natural resources (water, oil, gas) are scarce. In spite of these difficult conditions and partly because of its unusual geographical position between three continents, its diverse topography and considerable climatic variations, Jordan has a disproportionate abundance of life forms considering the small habitat area.
Four bio-geographical regions can be found in Jordan – the Mediterranean, the Riano-Turnan region, the Arab-Sahara region and the tropical region.